Ingredients we choose to use

We are often asked about natural ingredients, do they really work and what affect do they really have on the skin and body. Kate, the founder of Bubbles, is a fully qualified clinical aroma therapist and a big believer in the proven results of pure essential oils, so they are used in almost every product in our range. We also use plant extracts, fruit and seed carrier oils, organic clays, active botanicals, and more, to further improve the results. Please see the table below listing all the products we use along with the properties of each and the demonstrated results they have on the skin.

Want to know what is in your Bubbles product?

We adopt a policy of full disclosure for all ingredients used in Bubbles products. Our labels outline all ingredients in descending order of inclusion. Please use the A-Z menu below to find out more about specific ingredients.

A

Aloe Vera Gel (Certified Organic): Extremely hydrating – helps retain moisture, relieves irritation and inflammation of the skin, cooling, increases collagen production, contains vitamins A, B, B6, C & E – helpful in preserving product, wound healing.

Australian Sea Salts: Fine crystals from a natural source that softly exfoliate even sensitive skins.

Apple: Nourishing, Moisturising, soothes dry skin, cleanses oily skin.

Acrylamidopropyltrimonium Chloride/Acrylamide Copolymer: A conditioning polymer used widely in hair care and skin care. For hair care, it is utilized to give excellent slip properties in shampoos and conditioners for detangling properties. For skin care, it is highly efficient at lubricating and conditioning the skin. The maximum use level as set out by the European Commission is 0.02% for leave-on and 0.1% for rinse off products. BEW strictly meets these guidelines to ensure the safety of the products.

B

Borage Oil: Highest known content of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, excellent skin conditioner, regulates skin hydration, emollient and moisturising, temporarily firms and revitalises.

Bilberry: Astringent, anti couperose, vessel protective, cleanses and protects all skin types, soothes irritation of dry skin.

Beeswax (Natural): It’s a natural emulsifier that hydrates and moisturises the skin with a subtle honey aroma.

Benzyl Alcohol: Benzyl alcohol is one of the very few permitted preservatives by Ecocert/Cosmos in organic certified cosmetics because they acknowledge its safety and efficacy. It is found naturally in fruits and berries and also many teas. BEW uses Benzyl Alcohol at a maximum concentration below what is authorized as safe by the European Union Cosmetic Directive.

C

Calendula Infused Oil: Anti inflammatory & wound healing, effective on rashes, dry, chapped and cracked skin, soothing and protective, relieves itching.

Cucumber Oil: Cooling, nutritive and soothing properties, it has a high mineral content and is refreshing on the skin.

Kaolin Clay: Very fine pure white clay, great for sensitive skins especially the elderly and babies.

Green Clay: A detoxifying clay, for acne prone oily skin types, rebalances oil flow and strengthens the skin to reduce scarring, revitalising for dull, tired complexions.

Pink Clay: Balancing for stressed and sensitive skins, hydrates and firms, improves overall texture by soothing and refining fine lines.

Reef Red Clay: High content of iron to replenish and rejuvenate, Softening and conditioning, good for mature skin types.

Certified Organic Cocoa Butter: Excellent emollient, provides skin protection, high in vitamin E, softens and lubricates, good for all skins especially dry.

Carrot Seed: SKIN – Improves complexion, adds tone and elasticity for ageing & mature skin, strengthens effect of red blood cells. MIND – Cleansing effect on the mind and relieves stress & exhaustion.

Chamomile (Roman): SKIN – Effective for inflamed skin, cracked nipples, puffy skins, acne, sensitive skins, any skin irritations. Reduces redness, accelerates healing, strengthens tissues. MIND – Calms the mind & promotes relaxation & peace.

Clary Sage: SKIN – Effective for inflamed puffy skin & wrinkles, cell regenerating, nourishes tired skin. MIND – warming & relaxing, revitalising, calms a racing mind. It restores harmony and regenerates an interest in life.

Carrageenan Extract: We do not add this extract ourselves – it is part of the certified organic Aloe Vera that we purchase and is used to help preserve the product.

Calendula: Emollient, protective, refreshing, relieves itching due to dryness, purifies and cleanses, protects from the drying effects of the sun.

Chamomile: Soothing, emollient, anti-inflammatory, useful for redness and sensitivity.

Cucumber: Moisture binding and regulator, tightening & soothing, relieves itching due to dryness & skin irritation, protective.

Cetearyl Glucoside: Is a corn and coconut derived emulsifier and is produced using ecologically-friendly principles, without the use of chemicals or solvents. It helps bind moisturisers together and maintain their consistency. It is used in many organic creams.

Cocoamidopropyl Betaine: Cocoamidopropyl Betaine is a surfactant used to remove oils, dirt and impurities including lipids from the skin. Most surfactants are thought to cause some irritancy when used in high percentages in formulations however Cocoamidopropyl Betaine is known to be much lower in irritancy potential and significantly less irritating than many widely used surfactants. It provides a mild and creamy foam that effectively cleans the skin and is derived from coconut oil. There are of course inferior versions of this ingredient and we only use the best quality available.

Citric Acid: Citric Acid exists in a variety of fruits and vegetables, most notably citrus fruits. Lemons and Limes have particularly high concentrations of the acid. Citric acid is used to optimize the pH of a formulation as well as help to refine and renew skin texture. Synthetic or naturally derived, Citric acid is one of the most widely used acids in the cosmetic and food industries.

Caprylyl/Capryl Wheat Bran/Straw Glycosides: Consists of a mixture of surfactants and wetting agents that are all naturally derived and show an excellent performance for solubilisation. It can be employed in various cosmetic products. It yields transparent solutions of most perfume oils and essential oils in aqueous formulations, thus making it invaluable for tonics or oral care products. It is PEG and PPG free.

Cetrimonium chloride: Cetrimonium bromide and Steartrimonium chloride belong to a group called quarternary ammonium salts. These chemicals are used in many different types of personal skin care products as well as in many hair care products. The main job of Cetrimonium chloride is to stop the build-up of static electricity in hair, which in turn makes hair smoother and easy to manage. Cetrimonium chloride, along with its counterparts, has a positive charge that attracts them to the negative charge found in hair proteins.
The Cosmetics Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel has concluded that Cetrimonium chloride is safe to use as a rinse-off product for hair.
The SCCS is of the opinion that this ingredient does not pose a risk to the health of the consumer if used at a limit of 2.5% in rinse-off hair care products.
In the Bubbles Be Silky Conditioner, Cetrimonium Chloride is used at 0.95 – 1.15% (i.e. significantly lower than the maximum dosage).

E

Certified Organic Evening Primrose Oil: Moisturising, rejuvenating, softens lines, useful in repairing sun damage, hydrates even extremely dry skin, reduces inflammation like rosacea, increases elasticity.

Vitamin E Natural: Smooths wrinkles, cools and soothes irritation of dry skin, prevents and slows signs of ageing, antioxidant, natural preservative.
Emulsifying Wax (Cetearyl Alcohol & Ceteareth 20): Binds water and oil molecules together and help thicken a product. Produced from the reduction of plant oils and natural waxes. Contains NO PEG’s.

Emulsifying Wax (Cetearyl Olivate & Sorbitan Olivate): Again binds water and oil molecules and helps thicken a product. This emulsifier is approved for use in Certified Organic products.

Epsom Salts: Detoxifying and exfoliating, t0 soften the skin and reduce excess fluid.

F

Frankincense: SKIN – Smooths out wrinkles on ageing skin, skin tonic, effective for inflammation, scars, mature skin and dry irritated skin, combats the ageing process. MIND – elevating and soothing, calming, brings peace, promotes slow breathing & strengthens creativity.

G

Grapefruit: SKIN – Acts as a detoxifier reducing cellulite, astringent, helpful for congested ‘teenage’ skin. MIND – uplifting and reviving, alleviates stress and nervous exhaustion.

Ginseng (Siberian): High in Polysaccharides & glycoprotein’s that smooth wrinkles and help premature ageing, ideal in firming products.
Gota Kola: Soothes the irritation of dry skin, purifying, tonic, stimulating, promotes circulation.

Green Tea: High in anti-oxidants to fight free radicals, tonic for ageing skin, diminishes appearance of wrinkles, astringent, calming and refreshing.

H

Helichrysum (Immortelle): SKIN – Cell regenerator, heals scars, stretch marks and couperose, effective for eczema, acne, dermatitis. MIND – induces relaxations and sleep, effective for nervous exhaustion, mood swings, burnout & loneliness.
Organic Honey: It’s a natural antioxidant that rejuvenates the skin and helps protect it from harmful UV rays, it is anti-bacterial and a humectant (water binding product).

Hydroxyethylcellulose: Is a non-ionic, water-soluble thickening agent cosmetic and personal care formulations. It can be also be used to efficiently thicken shampoos, body washes and shower gels. Cellulose is a naturally occurring component found in the cell walls of plants.

Heptyl undecylenate: This fairly new natural ingredient does sound ‘chemical’ but comes from castor oil. It is an extremely light and dry emollient suitable for natural products. It is 100% vegetable derived and can be used in sunscreens moisturizers, lotions, make-up and antiperspirants.

This ingredient raises no health concerns because it is not on any of GoodGuide’s lists of toxic chemicals which cause suspected or recognized health effects, it has not been detected in human tissue or urine, it is not a high production volume chemical that lacks safety data.

I

Isopropyl Myristate: Is perfectly safe as a cosmetic ingredient. It has a soft silky feeling, a bit reminiscent of velvet and is a great emollient.

J

Jasmine: SKIN – Effective on dry, sensitive skins, skin elasticity, stretch marks, scarring, inflamed or irritated skins. MIND – calms nerves, renews passions for life, it is emotionally soothing and relaxing. Releases feelings of fear and helps you feel supported.

Juniper: SKIN – Effective for oily congested skins, acne and blocked pores, inflamed & irritated skins, dermatitis & eczema. MIND – clears & stimulates, clears negative energy, uplifting, encourages positivity, peace and creativity.

Jojoba Oil: Actually a wax not an oil so very stable, emollient, moisturising, high in vitamins, provides skin protection keeping it supple, helps restore skins regular pH level, very similar to our own sebum, soothing for sensitive, irritated skins.

K

Kukui Nut Oil: High in essential fatty acids, small molecular structure so it penetrates easily, high linoleic acids, soothing & softening, especially beneficial for very dry skin but light enough to use on oily skins.

Kiwi Extract: Peeling, moisturising, refreshing, contains AHA’s and ascorbic acid.

L

Lavender: SKIN – Effective on itchy skin, burns, acne, eczema, dermatitis, scratches and rashes. Promotes cell growth. Calming and suitable for babies and sensitive skins. MIND – relieves exhaustion and promotes relaxation, effective for stress, mental distraction, irritability and burnout. Helps you to re-group your energies and move on.

Lemongrass: SKIN – Open pores, acne, oily skin conditions, tightens elastin weakness. MIND – stimulating, reviving, energising – lifts spirits and aids recovery from fatigue and jet lag. Great for morning fatigue. Remove limitations and restrictions and truly start living!

Lime: SKIN – Astringent, toning, effective for greasy skin and acne. Suitable for any skin type including sensitive skins. MIND – refreshing, uplifting, increases alertness and assertiveness – taking you to a place where life is sweet and easy!

Liquorice Root Extract: Helps slow signs of premature ageing, soothing and nourishing, calms the irritation of very dry skin, sebum regulating and ideal for the use in whitening products.

Lauryl Glucoside: Lauryl Glucoside is a non-ionic surfactant derived from 100% renewable raw materials. It is manufactured entirely from vegetable based materials, such as coconut or palm kernel oil and starch. They display good dermatological compatibility and are free from sulfates and ethylene oxides. Therefore, Lauryl Glucoside is not only safe for consumers, but also for the environment.

Lecithin: Lecithin is present to act as an emulsifier for the product but it also helps to hydrate, replenish and repair the skin due to its essential fatty acid content. It acts as a natural moisturiser and is derived from soybeans with skin protection qualities. It has the ability to penetrate the epidermis and carry substances to the right cell level. It is an important source of choline and inositol, which are vital components of all cell membranes and play an important role in cell growth and function.

M

Marshmallow Extract: Soothes the irritation of dry skin, protecting and softening, emollient.

Macadamia Oil: Emollient, moisturising, absorbs well, soothing, similar to the oil found in our skin.

Mandarin: SKIN – Softening, moisturising & soothing to dry irritated skin. Suitable for babies and sensitive skin types. MIND – uplifting, aids restlessness and nervous tension, it allows you to feel calm and soothed but at the same time refreshed and inspired!

May Chang: SKIN – Tonic and astringent to the skin, acne and oily skins. MIND – Stimulating and uplifting, effective for depression and nervous anxiety. It helps you get rid of the ‘poor me’ mentality!

N

Nettle Extract: Stimulating, astringent and cleanses oily skin.

Neroli: SKIN – Skin regenerator, improves skin elasticity, relieves dry sensitive skins, oily skins and acne skins. MIND – promotes joy and peace. Increases mental concentration – it is an antidepressant that lifts the mood and guards against insomnia.

O

Orange Sweet: SKIN – Effective for dry skin, wrinkles, dermatitis, irritated skin, acne dull and oily skins. It maintains normal skin in good condition. Increases cell hydration and supports regeneration. MIND – relieves depression and negative though patterns, increases confidence and energy levels. It removes the seriousness and helps you find your sense of humour.

P

Pomegranate Oil: Really high in antioxidants, works in synergy with Seabuckthorn oil for amazing results, improves elasticity, reduces wrinkles and prevents ageing, calming and healing – gentle enough to use on rosacea and eczema skins, anti ageing.

Papaya Extract: Purifying, refreshing, moisturising, soothing to dry, irritated skin.

Passionflower Extract: relaxing and calming, refreshing and nourishing.

Pomegranate Extract: Potent antioxidant and free radical scavenger that reduces the appearance of age lines and wrinkles, helps skin look younger, protects from environmental stresses.

Parfum (Natacide – Natural Preservative): A vegetable origin fragrance with broad spectrum activity against Bacteria Gram Positive, Bacteria Gram negative, moulds and yeasts. Allows label claim ‘preservative free’ and is used in organic cosmetic formulations.

Potassium Sorbate: Mild yet effective preservative, nontoxic, non-irritating, inhibits micro organisms, moulds and yeasts, a natural alternative to parabens, is used in organic cosmetic formulations.

Polyglyceryl-5 Laurate: Is a co-emulsifier made from natural raw materials with excellent cosmetic properties. Because of its very good eye- and skin-compatibility, its pleasant skin-feel and its outstanding detergence it can be used for baby-care products, for face-cleaning products, as solubiliser for alcohol-free watery solutions (i.e. perfumes), and for natural bathoils.

Phenoxyethanol (also called rose ether): Is an organic chemical compound that is commonly used in personal care products. It is a very versatile preservative with particularly good performance on gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, but also as a yeast and mould inhibitor.

Phenoxyethanol is included in the EU Cosmetic Directive list of allowable preservatives, though it is approved for use up to 1.00% only. At this dosage, Phenoxyethanol is formally a safe cosmetic ingredient.

In the Bubbles range, Phenoxyethanol is present at 0.20 – 0.50%.

Potassium Cetyl Phosphate: Potassium Cetyl Phosphate is an emulsifier used to stabilize oil-in-water emulsions, including creams and lotions. It is typically used as a primary emulsifier at low concentrations or used to improve the stability and sensoric properties of conventional emulsions at an even lower concentration. Due to the low dosage required, this product is especially suited for gentle skin care products as it creates a rich texture while also being mild and gentle.

Palmarosa: SKIN – Restores water balance, stimulates natural secretion of sebum, oily or dry skin – it balances sebum production, cell regenerator, skin regrowth & wrinkles, hydrating effect on the skin tissue, calming and refreshing. MIND – effective for morning fatigue, calming but at the same time uplifting so great for ‘off’ days, allowing you to embrace change and let go…

Patchouli: SKIN – Effective for acne, inflamed skin, rejuvenating for mature skin, rough dry skins, wrinkles, scar tissue and enlarged pores. MIND – nervous exhaustion, sharpens and clarifies the mind, it awakens a sense of peace that will reach all levels of your being.

Peppermint: SKIN – Refreshing skin tonic, redness and irritation, inflammations and sunburn, itching, softens skin. MIND – cools anger, tonic to the mind promoting alertness – clears the head and invigorates the spirit. Keeps your passion potent and ready to meet lifes challenges!

R

Certified Organic Rosehip Oil: Extra nourishing, used for skin pigmentation and scarring, useful on psoriasis, dermatitis & eczema, Anti inflammatory, healing and regenerating properties, anti ageing

Certified Organic Raw Sugar: A gentle but effective way to exfoliate the skin – a natural preservative, and smells delicious!

Rose: SKIN – Soothing, suitable for all skin types especially mature, effective for inflammation, redness, wrinkles and acne with hydrating properties. MIND – helps release dopamine the ‘happy hormone’ to aid depression and anxiety, effective for grief, resentment and stress. It soothes the heart and brings relaxation.

Rose Geranium: SKIN – Helps balance sebum – increase in dry and decrease in oily, clears and refines oily and sluggish & congested skins. Good for all skin types. MIND – Relieves feelings of stress and mental exhaustion, anxiety and overwhelm. Uplifting and renewing.

Rosewood: SKIN – Cell stimulant, tissue regenerator for aged skin, effective on dull, dry, sensitive and inflamed skin, wrinkles and acne. MIND – uplifting and balancing, comforting and relaxing, heighten your perceptions and be open to the abundance of the universe.

S

Sea Buckthorn Oil: Vitamins A, C, E & K, More Vitamin C in weight than oranges, potent antioxidant, used to treat burns and wounds topically, great for acne and rosacea, 120 compounds and minerals, used for scarring and radiation burns, considered a “natural healer”.

Certified Organic Shea Nut Butter: Excellent emollient, offers protection from harsh weather conditions, soothes irritation, revitalises the condition of the skin, good for all skin types especially dry.

Sandalwood: SKIN – Balances oil in the skin, effective for dehydration, itching, irritation, inflammation, acne, cracked and chapped skins. Increases circulation and strengthens connective tissue and dermis, increases water retention of collagen. MIND – promotes calm and wellbeing, brings peace and acceptance, great for stilling the mind and meditation. Free yourself from other peoples negativity and enjoy life.

Spearmint: SKIN – Refreshing and cooling, good for congested oily skins, great for itching! MIND – stimulates a tired mind, soothes anger and depression, brings peace and tranquility, it invigorates all levels of our being to help you utilize your energies efficiently.

Salicylic Acid: Salicylic Acid is an anti-inflammatory – meaning it minimizes the redness and it is particularly useful with acne breakouts. In addition, salicylic acid also has some anti-bacterial effects which helps to reduce the number of acne causing bacteria on the skin.

Sorbic Acid: Sorbic acid is an effective inhibitor of the growth of most moulds, yeasts and many bacteria. It is widely used in beverage, dairy and other food applications to prevent microbiological growth and extend the normal shelf life of the product.

Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate: Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate is a surfactant based on one of the amino acids, Glutamine. Due to its compatibility with the skin, it is very mild. It is non-irritant, non-allergic, and non-comedogenic. Furthermore, its similarity to Glutamine ensures that it is biodegradable.

Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate: Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate is a mild, anionic, vegetable oil (coconut oil) based cleansing agent. It has excellent foaming properties and is used to create gentle, non-striping surfactant systems with dense creamy lather.

Sodium Lauroyl Methyl Isethionate: Sodium Lauroyl Methyl Isethionate (SLMI) is our latest technological breakthrough in surfactant chemistry. It is an extremely mild surfactant that provides gentle yet thorough cleansing with outstanding rinse ability.

Sodium Chloride: Sodium Chloride or salt is a crystalline solid, normally obtained from sea water or rock deposits. It is commonly used in surfactant systems to adjust viscosity or enhance preservation.

T

Tea Tree: SKIN – Skin abrasions, infections, acne and oily pimples, cleansing. MIND – refreshing and revitalising, energy stimulant, effective for nervous exhaustion and shock. Enjoy the chance to understand and learn about yourself and others.

Thyme Sweet: SKIN – All skin types, oily skin, acne skins especially. MIND – helpful for nervous exhaustion and stress, mental fatigue, increases alertness and focus. It removes fears and gives strength to feel fulfilled and worthy.

Triethanolamine: A pH balancer and emulsifier in cosmetic formulations. ‘Free triethanolamine’ can cause mild to moderate skin and eye irritation because it acts as a strong base (i.e. the pH of the skin rises to the alkaline region). However, when it is mixed with stearic acid (like in the Bubbles Be Nourished Hand Cream), it reacts to form TEA-Stearate, a safe and non- toxic emulsifier. The product has been specifically formulated to ensure that all Triethanolamine has been consumed in the reaction so there is no free Triethanolamine present in the product. In the Bubbles Be Nourished Hand Cream, Triethanolamine is present at <1.00%.

W

Watermelon Oil: Helps penetration of a product, non greasy and suitable for all skin types especially babies and oily acne skins as it is does not clog pores and it light and easily absorbed, its restorative and nourishing, balancing, rich in essential fatty acids.

White Tea Extract: More powerful antioxidant than green tea, protective tonic for ageing skin, diminishes the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, protects from the drying effects of the sun.

White Willow Bark Extract: Naturally contains salicylic acid which gently exfoliates the skin and helps control excess sebum without irritation.

X

Xantham Gum: xanthan gum is used for the stabilization and binding of cosmetic products. One advantage of xanthan gum is that a little goes an incredibly long way; cosmetic manufacturers only have to add a very small amount of xanthan gum to their cream-based products in order to keep the individual ingredients from separating. It is used widely in organic skin care formulations and is approved for use in such.

Y

Ylang Ylang: SKIN – Balances sebum, effective for oily or dry skin, irritated skins and acne, general skin wellbeing. MIND – Liberating, effective for moodiness, pmt, self image and stress invoking feelings of peace and tranquility.

Z

Zinc Oxide: A physical sunscreen that acts as a reflective agent. Soothes the irritation of dry skin, it has the ability to treat itching & skin irritations, high antibacterial properties, it is useful as an astringent and for moist conditions like under a wet nappy!

Ingredients we avoid and why?

Parabens (propyl, methyl, butyl, ethyl & isobutyl): The most commonly used preservative in hair and skin products. Mainly due to it being VERY inexpensive to use and also because it is a very effective preservative – HOWEVER – they are also;

  • Toxic and made from synthetic ingredients
  • Prevent moisture from getting into and out of the skin
  • Have been linked to immunotoxicity
  • Many people are documented to have allergic reactions to them

Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS): A very common surfactant/foaming agent used in shampoo, toothpaste, foaming cleansers & shower gels etc… It has been documented to irritate sensitive skins and contribute to skin dryness. It has been linked to irritations of the skin, eyes and lungs. In higher concentrations it is used by industries to remove grease and to clean engines and machinery.

The US, Europe, Japan and Canada have all restricted the use of them in skincare products.

Artificial Colour and Fragrance: Used to make a product smell and look better than it does in its natural state. Problem with this is they also contain hundreds of synthetic ingredients (not listed on the product most of the time). They have been linked to neurotoxcity and immunotoxcity. Artificial colours have been found to cause nausea, mood swings, headaches & fatigue (K Farrow, Skin Deep 2002)
Linked to irritation of the skin, eyes and lungs.

Mineral Oils & Petroleum By-Products
: A commonly used emollient in skin and hair care products – used in a high percentage of baby products. A leftover by-product from the distillation of crude oil, it is completely foreign to the human body and has many known harmful effects. It sits on top of the skin clogging pores which makes elimination of toxins through the skin difficult. As this is the skins most important job you can see how continual use could start to affect your health.

Production of & use of this product is also very harmful to the environment which is another important reason we avoid it completely!

At this stage there is NO credible evidence that the above ingredients don’t have a negative/harmful result on your body. Who knows what the continual/daily use of these toxic ingredients is REALLY doing to both your body and the environment??? Only time and more research will tell – The fact that the US, Europe, Japan & Canada all have strict restrictions on there use in skincare only goes to show that government and consumer awareness is on the rise.

We could go on and list a whole range of other synthetic ingredients that we choose not to use but this would be endless and we would prefer to spend our time talking about the amazing ingredients we DO use instead!

So we have listed only the most common & well known nasty’s so you get a basic idea of why we choose to avoid them. If you would like to read more about other ingredients you should be wary of in skin and hair care products please see www.cosmeticdatabase.com or contact us with any questions you have.